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python 有人问如何遍历取得类的子类或实例

2018-05-17 08:00 星期四 所属: Python教程 浏览:335

python"># coding:utf-8
"""
有人问如何遍历取得类的子类或实例
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"""
import weakref

class Foo(object):
    """取得类的所有实例方法。"""

    instances = []

    def __init__(self, name=None):
        self.__class__.instances.append(weakref.proxy(self))
        self.name = name

def get_all_subclasses(cls):
        """取得类的子类,子类的子类通过递归取得"""
        all_subclasses = []

        for subclass in cls.__subclasses__():
            all_subclasses.append(subclass)
            tmp = get_all_subclasses(subclass)
            all_subclasses.extend(tmp)

        return all_subclasses

class Foo2(Foo):
    pass

class Foo3(Foo):
    pass

class Foo4(Foo2):
    pass

p1 = Foo('p1')
p2 = Foo('p2')
p3 = Foo('p3')
p4 = Foo('p4')

for instance in Foo.instances:
    print(instance.name)

print get_all_subclasses(Foo)

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